TEVFİK FIKRET's LIFE

 

TEVFİK FİKRET
(1867-1915)

Kimseden ümmid-i feyz etmem, dilenmem perr ü bal
Kendi cevvim,kendi eflakımda kendim tairim.
İnhina , tavk-ı esaretten girandır boynuma;
Fikri hür,irfanı hür,vicdanı hür bir şairim.
Tevfik Fikret
Tevfik Fikret’s father was Hüseyin Efendi, overseer of Pertevniyal Sultana and his mother was Refia Hanım from Sakız Island. He became an orphan at a young age and was raised by his uncle and aunt. He started his primary education in Mahmudiye Ottoman School and continued his education at Mekteb-i Sultanide (Galatasaray High School) and completed his studies here with honor in 1888.
BANA KİMSİN DİYE SORMA MELEĞİM
Bana kimsin diye sorma meleğim
Pek güzel dinle de izah edeyim
Nam-ı naçizime `Fikret' derler
Şi're de nisbetimi söylerler
Kaldığım varsa da gah ekmeksiz
Kalmadım şimdiye dek mesleksiz
Nur bekler gibi nısf-ı şebde
Bekledim on iki yıl mektebde
Sonra çıktım ne için bilmeyerek
Bu da bir cilve-i baht olsa gerek
Bab-ı Ali'ye müdavimlendim
Ehl-i namus diye mimlendim
Şimdi bir hayli eser sahibiyim
`Ahmed Ihsan'da musahhih gibiyim
Saye-i lutf-i cihan-banide
Hocayım Mekteb-i Sultani'de...
He began his career as a clerk at foreign affairs and later taught at Trade school, Galatasaray High School and Robert College. He was one of the publishers of “Malumat” (Knowledge) magazine and later became chief editor of “Servet-i Fünun”(Wealth of Sciences) in 1896. Under his supervision, the magazine became the media organ of Edebiyat-ı Cedide (New Literature) movement. After “Servet-i Fünun” was shut down by Abdülhamit II, Tevfik Fikret continued his studies at Bebek in his house titled “Aşiyan” and taught at Robert College.
Meanwhile, he wrote his famous poems against autocracy. Celebrating the announcement of the Second Constitutionalist Period in 1908 with joy, he founded “Tanin” (Reverberation) newspaper with Hüseyin Cahit (Yalçın).
In 1909, he was appointed as the head of Mekteb-i Sultani (Galatasaray High School) and he made revolutionary changes in school administration. After resigning from his post, he lived in Aşiyan until his death, August 19, 1915.
As a sophisticated artist, Tevfik Fikret had great influence on his era as an architect, painter, teacher and journalist.
Remarkable Works: Rubab-ı Şikeste (Broken Instrument), Haluk’un Defteri (Haluk’s Notebook), Rubab’ın Cevabı (Instrument’s Response), Şermin, Tarih-i Kadim (Ancient History), Sancak-ı Şerif Huzurunda (In Presence of the Flag), Sis ve Rücû (Fog and Recourse).

 

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